DNA tests are typically done by collecting one’s DNA samples with mouth swab, saliva, hair, or blood. There are many types of DNA tests available, including paternity tests, wellness tests, ancestry tests, diagnostic tests and more.
Wellness DNA tests are actually a key tool to preventing serious diseases by looking into one’s genetic predisposition in various health risks, allergies, fitness traits and more. It can help to evaluate one’s risk levels in specific traits or health conditions, for example familial hypercholesterolemia, Parkinson’s disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and many more.
There are also diagnostic tests that can help to identify your carrier status with hereditary diseases like sickle cell anemia, beta thalassemia, G6PD deficiency, phenylketonuria, and more. Carrier tests are typically recommended to be done as a premarital testing for young couples, as it helps to identify potential inheritance risks for their future child.For couples who have conceived, there are also safe, non-invasive methods of DNA testing to understand the genetic condition of the fetus, such as fetal sex, Down’s syndrome, Edward’s syndrome, 22q11.2 deletion, etc. This will help to prepare them for future risks and needs based on the child’s genetic health condition.